Title: UK-Kenya COP27 Deals: A Transformative Path to Sustainable Development
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Title: UK-Kenya COP27 Deals: A Transformative Path to Sustainable Development

President William Ruto of Kenya (L) and Prime Minister Rishi Sunak of the United Kingdom meet
at the COP27 summit in Egypt in November 2022.

The collaborative efforts between the UK and Kenya, as part of COP27 agreements, are yielding remarkable progress in key climate initiatives. As the world anticipates COP28, significant milestones have been achieved in flagship projects that promise economic growth, job creation, and a sustainable future for both nations. Among these achievements is the development of the Africa Green Industrialisation Initiative (AGII), championed by President Ruto and supported by the UK, aiming to spur economic development across the continent.

Flagship Projects and Achievements:

  1. Menengai Geothermal Project:
    The KES 12.5 billion investment is making strides toward generating 35MW of clean energy. This initiative is poised to provide affordable and sustainable electricity to approximately 750,000 Kenyans while creating 200 jobs during the construction phase. Financial closure is imminent, with construction set to commence shortly.
  2. Climate-Smart Farming Initiative:
    A groundbreaking KES 31 billion agreement between the Kenyan Development Corporation and UK-funded investor United Green aims to establish an expansive area dedicated to climate-smart farming. Anticipated benefits include annual savings of $200 million on food imports, contributing significantly to reducing Kenya’s trade deficit.
  3. Nairobi Railway City:
    With a KES 11.5 billion investment, the green urban regeneration project began construction in December 2022. Centred around a new railway station in Nairobi, this initiative incorporates cutting-edge green building technology and urban planning innovations, with technical assistance from the UK Government.
  4. Malindi Solar Expansion:
    The KES 7.5 billion investment in a 40MW solar plant, led by UK company Globeleq and financed by British International Investment, has been a success since its connection to the grid in December 2021. Plans for expansion, including battery storage, represent an additional investment of KES 11.7 billion, contributing to a total investment exceeding KES 22 billion.
  5. Grand High Falls Dam:
    A monumental KES 425 billion Public Private Partnership on the Tana River, spearheaded by UK engineering firm GBM, aims to generate 1,000MW of hydroelectric energy. This project is envisioned to provide irrigation for 400,000 hectares of farmland, addressing both energy needs and agricultural sustainability.
  6. United Green:
    A KES 31 billion investment in a climate-smart crop and agro-industrial processing system, marked by an MOU in November 2023, is a joint venture with Kisumu County. This initiative promises to create 2,000 direct jobs and provide income for an additional 20,000 farmers across counties in the Lake Victoria region.

British International Investment Contributions:

  1. Solar-Powered Irrigation (KES 321 million):
    Funding for 9,000 farmers to access solar-powered and water-efficient irrigation systems, reducing upfront costs by 25-40% through an innovative carbon credit facility.
  2. Electric Buses (KES 765 million):
    Investment in BasiGo Ltd. to manufacture 100 electric buses in Kenya, meeting the demand for affordable and clean public transport, and preventing 5,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions annually.

New Guarantee Company:
The UK government’s collaboration with private investors to launch a guarantee company, committing KES 2 billion, aims to de-risk investments and unlock KES 12 billion of new climate finance for Kenyan infrastructure over the next 3 years.


The progress achieved in these projects underscores the success of the UK-Kenya Strategic Partnership. As COP28 approaches, the collaboration continues to set a promising precedent for sustainable development, economic prosperity, and environmental conservation. The commitment of both nations to these transformative initiatives exemplifies a shared vision for a greener, more resilient future.

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